Ngorongoro Crater: Africas last Garden of Eden

The first minutes in Tanzania's famed Ngorongoro Crater were neatly summed up by a small boy leading a herd of cattle inside the crater full of green grass.

The crater was flat and exciting when the zebras gazed at our vehicle as if they were welcoming us to watch them. The crater looked like a big bowl, full of wild animals, giving tourists visiting this part of Africa time to contemplate the hidden secret of the creation of Earth and life.

Like the legendary Biblical Garden of Eden, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is mostly known as the last Garden of Eden and “Home of Mankind,” and is the only place in Africa where human and wildlife have lived together sharing land resources in peace and harmony for many centuries.

Ngorongoro Crater is a famous tourist hot spot in Tanzania due to its unique attractions. Tourist attractions and the importance of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area have attracted prominent personalities including former American President Bill Clinton and former President of Cuba Fidel Castro.

The idyllic nature and landscape, the wide plains outside the crater rim, and the Maasai culture attract more visitors to this part of Tanzania, than any other location. The crater is steep, at 610 meters deep with high natural walls that survived the volcano subsidence, creating an impressive natural feature. The crater floor covers 260 square kilometers or 100 square miles of volcanic soil.

Every trip to the crater floor involves a precarious descent from the forested rim by a four-wheel-drive vehicle. Inside the crater, there is permanent water and rich pasturage maintaining a resident population of between 20,000 and 25,000 large African mammals.